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Written by Rob Lancaster

Hinges – A Buyer’s Guide

Continuing our series of handy buyer’s guides, this time around we look at hinges. Covering everything from types and features of hinges to which brands are best for which jobs, this guide will offer everything you could ever want to know about hinges. You’ll have all the knowledge required to purchase and fit your hinges after reading this guide.  

What are door hinges, and what are they used for? 

Hinges perform a single, vital action: they offer a way of opening and closing a door, keeping it attached to its frame and allowing it to swing freely. Hinges are important throughout the home and in many other buildings, operating doors, gates, windows, cabinets, cupboards, wardrobes, and other kinds of furniture. 

There are also many different types of hinges for different jobs. Doors often use t-hinges, butt hinges and sash hinges. Hinges can be made with ball-bearings for heavier doors or can be spring loaded so that the door closes behind you. In furniture barrel hinges and concealed hinges are often used. They don’t bear as much weight as door hinges but have the bonus addition of being concealed so that the furniture looks clean and tidy. Tee hinges can be used for gates, whilst offset hinges offer more options when working with difficult angles fitting doors. 

Our Range of Hinges

 

Hinges have several features for use in different situations. For example, as already discussed hinges can have: 

double action spring hinge

Double Action Spring Hinge

casement hinges architectural hardware

Casement Hinge

Furthermore, there are many different accreditations that hinges can have, and many different categories of use, all contained within the British Standards EN 1935. This is a coding system to show the standards hinges have been tested to by the British Standards Institution. They are listed below: 

Hinge Grade Usage Test Cycles Door Mass 

Grade  Usage  Test Cycles  Door Mass (kg) 
1  Window  10000  10 
2  Window  10000  20 
3  Window/Door  25000  20 
4  Door  200000  20 
5  Window  10000  40 
6  Window/Door  25000  40 
7  Door  200000  40 
8  Window  10000  60 
9  Window/Door  25000  60 
10  Door  200000  60 
11  Door  200000  80 
12  Door  200000  100 
13  Door  200000  120 
14  Door  200000  160 

 

There are different grades available for each feature. The hinge grade is most often listed with the product specification as it combines the correct usage for the hinge, the durability it showed during test cycles, and the weight of door which it can carry.  

Hinges used for fire doors must be CE certified. Hinges used on external doors are often BSI Kitemarked as a proof of safety.  

There are many brands of hinges available. Here at Locks4.com we stock  

Using the BS EN 1935 system, it’s easy to identify which hinges are right for your job. A lighter duty hinge, anywhere between grades 1 and 7 are suitable for domestic windows and doors. They’ll often be cheaper but will get the job done without a problem. Any commercial hinges required would need to be between grades 8 and 14. These hinges will last through more sustained use and will hold heavier doors meaning they are often suitable for fire doors (although there is a separate code to check for this). These hinges are often more expensive but will be better suited to dealing with the increased use of commercial doors. Hinges that are accredited with the CE or BSI Kitemarks are tested rigorously and so can be considered safe and reliable for many years.  

How to fit a hinge 

Fitting a hinge is a process that requires a few steps and basic tools, but can be carried out by anyone. Hanging a new door is a great way to improve security, or just brighten up a tired room. With our selection of hinges, locks, and door handles, you can make your door just the way you want it.  

To fit a hinge, you will need: 

To fit a hinge to the door, follow these steps: 

fitted hinge architectural hardware

To fit the hinges to the frame, a similar process is carried out.  

Things to consider when hanging a door for the first time 

That concludes our complete guide to hinges. Now you should know about different types of hinges and their uses, how to check the grade of a hinge, and how to fit a hinge to your door. You can check our wide range of hinges, perfect for any type of project. If you need any assistance in selecting your hinge, please do not hesitate to contact the team here at Locks4.com 

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About the author

Rob Lancaster is part of the marketing department at Locks4.com. He researches and writes content for the site, producing guides, blogs, and articles.
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